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Evolution leads to social darwinism

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Claim

Darwinism leads to Social Darwinism, the policy that the weak should be allowed to fail and die.

Source

Responses

  1. Social Darwinism is actually older than Darwinism itself - it was described by Thomas Hobbes.
  2. This argument, and Social Darwinism itself, is based on the Naturalistic Fallacy, assuming that if it is that way, it should be that way.
  3. Even if evolution did lead to social Darwinism, that has no effect on it being true. Most intelligent people are interested in believing what is true, not what leads to virtue.
  4. Darwinism is a scientific theory, while Social Darwinism is a social policy. There are no clear predictions or expectations from the science that would require scientists to endorse the social policy (and, in fact, most scientists could point out a number of flaws in the social policy that unfortunately has been given a name similar to a prominent biological theory).
  5. Those creationists who make this claim fail to explain exactly how the observation of pigeon and orchid lineages, or the postulation of how prehistoric organisms interacted in their native ecosystems would force a politician to make the decision to let the weaker members of society die.
  6. Social Darwinism does not necessarily result in the idea that the weak should die, but only that the weak should not reproduce.
  7. add more responses

Fallacies contained in this claim

External Links

Further Reading

  1. Bannister, R. C., 1979. Social Darwinism: science and myth in Anglo-American social thought. Philadelphia, Temple University Press.
  2. Bowler, P. J., 1993. Biology and social thought, 1850-1914. Berkeley papers in history of science; 15. Berkeley, Calif., Office for History of Science and Technology University of California at Berkeley: 95.
  3. Hofstadter, R., 1944. Social Darwinism in American thought. Boston, Beacon Press.
  4. Kevles, D., 1995. In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the uses of human heredity. Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press.
  5. Ruse, Michael, 2001. Social Darwinism. Chapter 10 in: Can a Darwinian Be a Christian?, Cambridge University Press.

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See Also

Acknowledgments

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